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Mind–Body Bridging Sleep Program

Program Description

Begun in 2009, the Mind–Body Bridging Sleep Program (MBBSP) is a brief, mind-body intervention that is focused on improving sleep and reducing trauma and stress-related disorders and symptoms; for improving spiritual health; and for reducing depression and depressive symptoms. The program is presented in three, 90-minute sessions. MBBSP uses the Mind–Body Bridging (MBB) approach, which fosters the cultivation of awareness and reduces dysfunctional thinking. Unlike mindfulness meditation or cognitive behavioral therapy, however, MBB does not involve a formal practice of meditation or individual psychotherapy; instead, its basic techniques are imparted to allow for quick learning and practice.

The MBBSP includes training in awareness and metacognitive skills. Awareness skills training (e.g., using senses such as sights, sounds, and tactile sensations) focuses on interrupting the dysfunctional and habitual biopsychic processes of the mind and body that contribute to disturbed sleep. The underlying theory is that awareness plays a critical role in a person becoming familiar with their disharmonious mind–body states and the ruminative thoughts, contraction of awareness, and body tension that they manifest. This increased awareness can help a person understand how to transform disharmonious mind–body states into those with more coherence. Metacognitive skills training focuses on exposing and recognizing dysfunctional cognitive processes that may cause disturbed sleep.

The program is designed to be implemented by a licensed mental health professional either individually or with groups of up to 12 clients in healthcare settings.

Program Snapshot
Evidence Ratings
Sleep and Wake Disorders and Symptoms
Trauma- and Stress-Related Disorders and Symptoms
Spiritual Health
Depression and Depressive Symptoms
Internalizing Problems
General Functioning and Well-Being
Program Contact
Stanley Block, M.D.


Dissemination/Implementation Contact
Guy du Plessis


Program Type
Mental health promotion
Mental health treatment


18-25 (Young adult)
26-55 (Adult)
55+ (Older adult)

Geographic Locations
Rural and/or frontier

Hospital / Medical Center
Outpatient Facility
Mental Health Treatment Center

American Indian or Alaska Native
Black or African American
Hispanic or Latino

Implementation materials available