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Children in Between

Program Description

Children in Between (CIB) is a co-parenting, skills-training program for separating (never married) and divorcing parents that aims to decrease parental conflict (including reduced litigation), improve parent communication, and reduce stress on children. CIB is also designed to increase parents’ knowledge about the impact of divorce on children, teach parents respectful communication and emotional regulation skills, and instruct them on how to avoid involving their children in loyalty conflicts.

CIB consists of two, 2-hour group sessions conducted over 2 consecutive weeks. The intervention teaches specific parenting skills, particularly good communication skills, to reduce the familial conflict experienced by children. Sessions include a combination of didactic presentation, use of videos, group participation via questions and answers, and discussion. Facilitation methods draw on knowledge about divorce education, adult learning theory, and psychoeducation. Parents are usually referred to the program through domestic relations courts.

From 1991 through 2013, CIB was known as Children in the Middle (CIM). This program description is based upon a 2005 study evaluating CIM. The CIB program has evolved since this study was conducted. Those interested in implementing the current version of the program should contact the program developer for dissemination and implementation information.

Program Snapshot
Evidence Ratings
Knowledge, Attitudes, and Beliefs About Parenting
Internalizing Problems
Attention Disorders and Symptoms
Social Connectedness
Social Competence
Parenting Practices
Program Contact
Don Gordon
Executive Director, The Center for Divorce Education


Dissemination/Implementation Contact
Don Gordon
Executive Director, The Center for Divorce Education


Program Type
Mental health promotion


0-5 (Early childhood)
6-12 (Childhood)
13-17 (Adolescent)
18-25 (Young adult)
26-55 (Adult)
55+ (Older adult)

Geographic Locations



Not Specified